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Analysis of the Status Quo of E-commerce Logistics Development

Release time:2018-08-21 Browse:1081

First, the characteristics of e-commerce logistics


1. Comprehensive. E-commerce logistics not only involves e-commerce logistics enterprises, but also involves all aspects of the logistics supply chain. It is also compatible with traditional management methods and process management and virtual management through the network, so it has more comprehensive characteristics.


2. Intelligent. In e-commerce logistics, the whole process of physical displacement is highly automated and semi-automated, and real-time monitoring is carried out in the process of supply chain processing. Therefore, the focus of e-commerce logistics is the process of automation and intelligent design creation.


3. Informationization. The development of e-commerce is bound to be accompanied by the development and progress of informatization. Therefore, in the context of the development of e-commerce, the informationization of logistics must also keep pace. Without the informationization of logistics, any advanced technology and equipment cannot be in the field of logistics. Applicable, logistics informationization is the commercialization of logistics information, the standardization and real-time of logistics information transmission, and the digitization of logistics information storage.


4. Automation. The basis of automation is informationization, and automation can be realized under the informationization. It is embodied in the unmanned and labor-saving process of the entire e-commerce logistics process, and can even expand the operating capacity, improve labor productivity, and reduce errors in logistics operations.


5. Networked. The foundation of networking is also informationization. The network in e-commerce logistics is embodied in two aspects: First, the computer communication network of the logistics distribution system, including the computer network connecting the logistics distribution center with the supplier and the distribution center and the customer: Second, the internal network of the enterprise. The network of e-commerce logistics is the inevitable of logistics informationization, and it is one of the characteristics of logistics activities in the era of e-commerce.


6, flexible. In e-commerce logistics, flexibility refers to the needs of production, circulation and consumption. It is a new type of logistics mode. Its essence is to integrate production and circulation, organize production and arrange logistics activities according to the needs of demand side.


7, novelty. E-commerce logistics reflects the characteristics of the new economy, and is the starting point and foothold of logistics information management. E-commerce itself is a product of highly developed information. However, China's current management of information activities is not yet mature, and the management of e-commerce logistics is not yet mature. Therefore, e-commerce logistics is still a new thing and has certain novelty.


Second, the e-commerce logistics industry layout planning


From the policy point of view, the 13th Five-Year Special Plan has been released one after another, and the e-commerce logistics incentive measures have been intensively introduced. In March 2016, the “National E-Commerce Logistics Development Special Plan (2016-2020)” was released, which clearly stated that it will basically form by 2020. The e-commerce logistics system with “complete layout, optimized structure, powerful functions, efficient operation and high quality service” is a programmatic document guiding the development of China's e-commerce logistics during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, marking the entry of China's e-commerce logistics into a new development stage. The "13th Five-Year Development Plan for E-Commerce", the "13th Five-Year Plan for Trade and Logistics Development" and the "13th Five-Year Plan for Development of Domestic Trade Circulation" also put forward relevant work requirements for e-commerce logistics. The State Council's "National Agricultural Modernization Plan (2016-2020)" clearly stipulates that new business entities should be connected to various e-commerce platforms, improve the standard system and the cold chain logistics system, and propose that the online retail sales of agricultural products at the end of the "13th Five-Year Plan" will account for agriculture. The total output value has reached the target of 8%. Some provinces and cities have also introduced 13th five-e-commerce logistics development plans suitable for the development of the region. With the implementation of e-commerce logistics service standards and cross-border commodity e-commerce business service specifications, market services have become more standardized.


Third, the status quo of e-commerce development


From January to November 2017, the e-commerce platform revenue was 218.8 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 43.4%. Compared with the slowdown in the cumulative monthly revenue growth in 2016, the e-commerce platform revenue growth rate fluctuated greatly in 2017, and the overall revenue of the platform was growing rapidly.


Figure 1: China's e-commerce platform revenue growth in 2017

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